Sempaya Hotspring – Semuliki

Sempaya is renowned for its hot springs, known as the Sempaya Hot Springs, located within the Semuliki National Park in western Uganda. Here are some key details about Sempaya and its hot springs:

Sempaya Hot Springs

  • Location: The hot springs are situated in Semuliki National Park, which lies in the western part of Uganda near the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Hot Springs: The Sempaya Hot Springs are divided into two main parts: the Male Hot Spring (Bintente) and the Female Hot Spring (Nyasimbi).
    • Male Hot Spring (Bintente): This hot spring has cooler temperatures and is set in a scenic, open area.
    • Female Hot Spring (Nyasimbi): The Female Hot Spring is more famous, characterized by its boiling water and bubbling pools. The water can reach temperatures of up to 100°C (212°F), making it possible to boil an egg within minutes.

Semuliki National Park

  • Geography: The park covers an area of about 220 square kilometers and is located within the Albertine Rift, the western arm of the East African Rift. It encompasses lowland tropical rainforest, making it unique among Uganda’s national parks.
  • Biodiversity: Semuliki National Park is known for its rich biodiversity. It hosts a variety of flora and fauna, including several bird species, primates like chimpanzees and baboons, forest elephants, and numerous butterfly species.
  • Cultural Significance: The park is home to the Batwa pygmies, who have a deep cultural and historical connection to the forest. Visitors can learn about their traditional way of life through cultural tours.

Visitor Activities

  • Nature Walks: Guided nature walks through the forest allow visitors to explore the lush surroundings, encounter wildlife, and reach the hot springs.
  • Bird Watching: The park is a haven for birdwatchers, with over 400 bird species recorded, including several endemic and rare species.
  • Cultural Tours: Engaging with the local Batwa community provides a unique cultural experience and insight into their traditions and lifestyle.


  • Getting There: Semuliki National Park can be accessed by road from Kampala, the capital city of Uganda. The journey takes approximately 6-7 hours by road, passing through Fort Portal. There are also domestic flights available to airstrips near the park.
  • Best Time to Visit: The best time to visit is during the dry seasons, from December to February and June to September, when the roads are more accessible, and wildlife viewing is easier.


  • Ecological Significance: The park plays a crucial role in conserving the unique lowland rainforest ecosystem and its diverse species.
  • Tourism and Economy: The hot springs and the park contribute to Uganda’s tourism industry, attracting visitors interested in nature, wildlife, and cultural experiences.

Tips for Visitors

  • Preparation: Visitors should be prepared for tropical weather conditions and bring appropriate clothing, insect repellent, and sunscreen.
  • Health Precautions: It is advisable to take necessary health precautions, including vaccinations and malaria prophylaxis, when traveling to the area.

Sempaya Hot Springs and Semuliki National Park offer a distinctive and enriching experience for those interested in natural wonders, wildlife, and cultural heritage.