Natural habitat of these primates is Africa Uganda being one of them, Chimps are found in the rainforest, grassland and woodland of West and Central Africa. just like any other animals Chimpanzees also do communicate with each other through a complex system of vocalizations, gestures, body postures and facial expressions. They can communicate with each other even over long distances with loud calls called pant-hoots, or by drumming the buttresses of trees. They say hello to each other by panting, they laugh while playing and tickling, stand their hair up on end when they are nervous, and scream when they are angry and upset. From fear and anger to joy or excitement – chimpanzees make it pretty clear what they are feeling. In Uganda these animals can still be found in Kibale Forest, Budongo Forest in their natural habitat and in conservation areas like Ngamba Island and the Uganda Wildlife Education Center (Zoo)
Life span of chimpanzees
The longest recorded lifespan for a chimpanzee in captivity is 62, though a less reliable record exists of a female living until 78.
Chimpanzee lifespan in the wild is harder to gauge, but a recent study of 306 chimps at Ngogo in Uganda’s Kibale National Park showed the average life expectancy to be about 33 years. This is nearly twice as old as has been found for other chimpanzee groups, and about the same as the average lifespan of human hunter-gatherers.
- Is man just the same as chimps.
Chimpanzees represent our closest living relative, sharing 98% of our genetic DNA. But chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are one of only two species in the genus Pan, the other being the bonobo (Pan paniscus), and we’re equally closely related to both species – evolutionary biologists believe that humans, chimps and bonobos shared a common ancestor around 7 million years ago.
- Chimp way of movement
Chimpanzees get around by swinging through trees and by walking on all fours (knuckle-walking), but they can also walk upright on two feet if they want to.
- How do chimpanzees live?
As a lifestyle chimps live in vast social communities, consisting of up to about 100 individuals and comprising several family groups. They have strict hierarchies, with one dominant alpha male.
- Can chimpanzees use tools?
Chimpanzees are one of the few animals that are known to use of tools. This includes the use of sticks to retrieve insects from the leaf litter, stones to open up appetising nut contents and leaves to soak up drinking water.
- What do chimps feed on?
Chimpanzees are omnivorous, but eat fruit more than anything else. Most of a chimpanzee’s diet comes from our bits of plants (seeds, leaves, roots, resin etc) but they will also eat insects, honey, birds and bird eggs, mammals and even soil.
Most shockingly of all, chimpanzees have been documented hunting other primates, and even committing cannibalistic infanticide.
However, the average chimpanzee diet is mostly fruit and plant matter, with insects and meat contributing just 2% of the total.
- Can chimps catch the common cold?
In 2013, an outbreak of some kind of respiratory disease occurred in a group of chimps in Uganda's Kibale National Park. Five of the 56 chimps died due the disease. When the body of a 2-year-old chimp was recovered and autopsied, researchers discovered the cause: rhinovirus C, one of the primary causes of the common cold in humans.
- Chimps make a new nest every day.
Did you know that chimpanzee nests are cleaner than our beds? According to a 2018 North Carolina State University study, their nests are less likely to harbor fecal, skin or oral bacteria compared to human beds because they build a new nest daily — preventing bacteria from accumulating. Researchers also noted that they only discovered four individual parasites among a total of 41 nests they analyzed. So, chimps are sleeping peacefully in a nearly bug-free, bacteria-free nest.